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Total & Partial Joint Replacement

 Knee joint replacement (partial and total )

While there are non-surgical and surgical interventions that do not involve total or partial replacement of the knee, these usually provide only temporary relief.  The long-term resolution to knee degeneration is partial or total knee replacement.
 
 

A partial knee replacement involves an implant in just one compartment of the knee, retaining any undamaged parts.

A total knee replacement surgery replaces your diseased knee with a synthetic implant and eliminates the damaged weight-bearing surfaces that are causing pain.  Of all possible surgical interventions, total knee replacement offers the greatest quality-of-life improvement.  The procedure has a high rate of success.

There are several different implant designs (total and partial), but each offers renewed stability and movement. 

Overall, the two main benefits to be gained from knee replacement surgery are:

   Elimination of pain
   Improved range of motion

Hip joint replacement (total, partial, and anterior approaches)

In the past few decades there have been many advances in the use of artificial hip joints, resulting in a high percentage of successful long-term outcomes.

 
 

Partial hip replacement may be recommended if only one part of the joint is damaged or diseased.  In most cases, the pelvic socket is left intact and the head of the femur is replaced, using a component similar to those of a total hip replacement.

 

Total hip replacement is a procedure that has brought increased mobility and less pain to hundreds of thousands of patients.  Orthopedic surgeons replace a painful, dysfunctional joint with a highly functional, long-lasting artificial joint.

  Anterior approach hip replacement is performed through a single incision in the groin.  Because the surgical approach is made between the muscles, no muscle or tendon is actually cut.  This is considered the most painless approach, with the shortest recovery time, including driving and normal walking without a cane or other support.  The minimally- invasive incision is usually about four inches long.  Anterior approach hip replacement has the lowest risk of dislocation, and there are no restrictions following surgery as there are with other approaches.  Because it is a more difficult and risky approach, the surgeon needs special training. 


Shoulder replacement (total, partial, or reverse)

Shoulder pain can be caused for many reasons; however the end result is usually the same —annoying and debilitative pain that interferes with routine activities.  Numerous options are available to patients dealing with disease and injury in the shoulder joints.

 

Total shoulder replacement surgery is used to treat osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease), rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, rotator cuff arthropathy (a combination of severe arthritis and an irreparable rotator cuff tendon tear), and avascular necrosis (osteonecrosis).

  Reverse total shoulder replacement surgery is typically used for people with completely torn rotator cuffs and, the effects of severe arthritis and rotator cuff tear (rotator cuff arthropathy), or a previous shoulder replacement that failed.  For these individuals, a conventional total shoulder replacement can leave them with debilitating pain so that they cannot lift up their affected arm past a 90-degree angle. In reverse total shoulder replacement surgery, the socket and metal ball are switched (meaning a metal ball is attached to the shoulder bone and a plastic socket is attached to the upper arm bone), allowing the patient to use the deltoid muscle instead of the torn rotator cuff to lift the arm.  Reverse shoulder replacement surgery currently is exclusive to Holmes Regional Medical Center.

Services provided at Cape Canaveral HospitalHolmes Regional Medical CenterPalm Bay Hospital and Viera Hospital