It's Time to Get a Good Night's Sleep
There are many treatment options for sleep disorders that can help you get more sleep and renew your mental and physical health. There are at least 84 different types of sleep disorders, so the treatment options are vast. However, the first step to treatment is diagnosis. Health First Sleep Center provides:
- Nocturnal Polysomnogram (NPSG) - or overnight sleep study
This is the most common test done in the sleep center and is an attended test done by a registered sleep technologist. A minimum of 14 channels of data are acquired during this test including: EEG, EOG, EMG, snoring, body position, ECG, respiratory effort and flow. These tests are used to rule our a variety of sleep disorders including sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, nocturnal seizures, nocturnal arrhythmias, sleep disordered breathing as well as many other sleep problems.
- Polysomnogram with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or Bi Level initiation/ titration during a one night Polysomnogram (PSG)
This exam can be referred to as a 'split night' sleep study. A 'split night' study is similar to the above mentioned PSG but includes the diagnostic portion of the study as well as a treatment portion which the patient is titrated on a CPAP.
- Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)
This test is typically used to assess excessive daytime sleepiness or narcolepsy. The MSLT consists of a series of four to five naps which the patient takes throughout the day. These nap studies are done every two hours and the patient is allowed to nap for a period of 20 minutes or so. The MSLT always follows and overnight sleep study performed in the sleep center.
- Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) - This test is typically used to assess wakefulness in patients that are being treated for sleep apnea or another diagnosed sleep disorder. The MWT consists of four 40 minute "nap trials" throughout the day. These "nap trials" are done every two hours where the patient tries to maintain wakefulness while sitting reclined for 40 minutes. The MWT is performed during the day and does not need to follow an overnight sleep study.
- Home Sleep Studies - This is an unattended home sleep screening utilizing three or more channels (simultaneous recording of heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiratory airflow, and respiratory effort) of data and provides a bare minimum of channels to help rule out sleep apnea.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder that can have a severe effect on your health and lifestyle. A common sign is loud and frequent snoring. Research has shown that OSA can often lead to a high blood pressure and other heart issues. OSA involves the partial or complete collapse of the airway during sleep and can occur literally hundreds of times a night. Proper treatment can reverse the serious effects of OSA. You should always speak to your physician or sleep specialist, but some changes that you can make now could reduce or even end sleep apnea are:
- Losing weight and exercising regularly
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding alcohol and sedatives
- Sleeping on your side or stomach
Medical Therapy is another option for many people, which is usually a Positive Airway Pressure Device (PAP). It keeps your airway open by providing a steady stream of air through a mask you wear as you sleep. Your sleep specialist determines the right level of air pressure for you during an overnight sleep study. Oral appliances may also be used which look a lot like sports mouth guards. They keep the airway open by holding the tongue or jaw forward to increase the airway space behind the tongue. A licensed dentist trained in dental sleep medicine can custom fir the piece for you. Medications can also provide relief such as nasal sprays and decongestants. The final medical option includes surgery. Regardless of the treatment you choose, a sleep specialist should work together with you to make the best choice for your overall health. OSA may become more severe or milder as you age and changes in weight will have an affect. Continue to keep in contact with your Health First Sleep Center sleep specialist to maintain sleep success.
Health First Sleep Center
Many treatment options to diagnose specifically to you.